1964 – 1965 Ferrari 250LM images

ferrari enzo race images

1964 – 1965 Ferrari 250LM
ferrari enzo race
Image by Georg Sander
The 250 P evolved into a saleable mid-engined racer for the public, the 250 Le Mans. Introduced at Paris in November, 1963, the LM was successful for privately entered racers around the world. Notably, a 250 LM entered by the North American Racing Team won the 1965 24 Hours of Le Mans driven by Jochen Rindt and Masten Gregory, which remains as Ferrari’s last overall victory in the endurance classic. About 32 models were built in 1964 and 1965, with all but the first few powered by 3.3 L 320 hp (238 kW) engines, though the name did not change with the increase in displacement. A fully independent double wishbone suspension was specified with rack and pinion steering and four wheel disc brakes. Ferrari had intended that the 250 LM be homologated for racing as a Group 3 Grand Touring Car, however in April 1964 the FIA refused to do so as Ferrari had built considerably fewer than the required 100 units. The 250 LM thus had to run as a Prototype until it was homologated as a Group 4 Sports Car for the 1966 season.


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1964 wurde es notwendig, die Ferrari 250 GTO entweder zu modifizieren oder ein neues Rennfahrzeug für die Gran-Turismo-Klasse zu bauen. Bei Ferrari entschloss man sich auf der Basis des Ferrari 250P einen neuen Wagen zu bauen. Der 250LM galt als der Bruderwagen des 250P; für viele Fachleute war er schlicht ein 250P mit einem Dach.

Die Straßenversion war nur theoretisch verkehrstauglich, allerdings handelte es sich um den ersten Straßen-Ferrari mit Mittelmotor. Die Karosserie entwarf Pininfarina. Das Dach endete direkt hinter den Sitzen und der Innenraum wurde von einer senkrecht stehenden Heckscheibe nach hinten abgegrenzt. 32 Einheiten stellte Ferrari her. Ab 1965 wurde die Tür so in das Dach integriert, dass große Ausschnitte entstanden, wenn die Türen geöffnet wurden. Dies ermöglichte es auch großen Fahrern ins Auto einzusteigen.

Enzo Ferraris Versuch den 250LM als GT-Rennwagen homologieren zu lassen scheiterte, da Ende 1965 die notwendige Marke von 100 gebauten Wagen nicht erreicht wurde. Ferrari blieb daher nicht anderes übrig, als den 250LM gegen die Prototypen antreten zu lassen.

Der erste Prototyp wurde von einem 3-Liter-V12-Motor angetrieben. Alle ausgelieferten Fahrzeug hatten jedoch das 3,3-Liter-Aggregat aus dem Ferrari 275 GTB. Nach der Typologie von Ferrari hätte der 250LM eigentlich als 275LM bezeichnet werden müssen, Ferrari verzichtete aber darauf und ließ diese Ungenauigkeit zu.

Die Scuderia setzte den 250LM nie als Werkswagen in der Sportwagenweltmeisterschaft ein, sondern gab ihn ausschließlich an die privaten Teams ab. Sein Renndebüt gab der 250LM in den Farben des North American Racing Team von Luigi Chinetti bei den 12 Stunden von Sebring 1964. Der Wagen fing Feuer und wurde völlig zerstört. Bei den 12 Stunden von Reims gab es den ersten Sieg für den 250LM, am Steuer Joakim Bonnier und Graham Hill. Der größte Erfolg für dieses Fahrzeug war der Gesamtsieg bei den 24 Stunden von Le Mans 1965.


1969 Ferrari Dino 246 GT (11)
ferrari enzo race
Image by Georg Sander

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Dino was a marque for mid-engined, rear-drive sports cars produced by Ferrari from 1968 to 1976. Used for models with engines with fewer than 12 cylinders, it was an attempt by the company to offer a relatively low-cost sports car. The Ferrari name remained reserved for its premium V-12 and flat 12 models until 1976, when "Dino" was retired in favour of full Ferrari branding.

Named to honour Ferrari founder Enzo Ferrari’s son and heir Dino Ferrari, the Dino models used Ferrari racing naming designation of displacement and cylinder count with two digits for the size of the engine in deciliters and the third digit to represent the number of cylinders, i.e. 246 being a 2.4-litre 6-cylinder and 308 being a 3.0-litre 8-cylinder. Ferrari street models of the time used a three-digit representation of the displacement in cubic centimeters of one of the 12 cylinders, which would have been meaningless in a brand with differing numbers of cylinders.

The Dino 246 was the first Ferrari model produced in high numbers. It is lauded by many for its intrinsic driving qualities and groundbreaking design. In 2004, Sports Car International placed the car at number six on its list of Top Sports Cars of the 1970s. Motor Trend Classic placed the 206/246 at number seven in their list of the 10 "Greatest Ferraris of all time".

Dino 246 GT and GTS

Calls for more power were answered with the 2.4 L (2418 cc) Dino 246. The motor was a 65-degree, dual-overhead-camshaft, 9.0:1 compression ratio, iron block with alloy heads. The European motor produced 195 bhp (at 7,600 rpm), and was available as a fixed-top GT coupe or, after 1971, an open Spyder GTS. The American version had an exhaust air-pump, and timing changes which created 175 hp (130 kW). The GT had 3 Weber 40 DCNF/6 or 40 DCNF/7 carburetors. For the 246 a new version of the Dinoplex ignition was deployed, the more compact Magneti Marelli AEC103A system.

Dino 246 production numbered 2,295 GTs and 1,274 Spyders, the latter being built from 1972 to 1974 only, for a total production run of 3,569. Three series of the Dino were built, with differences in wheels, windshield wiper coverage, and engine ventilation. The Series I cars, 357 of which were built until the summer of 1970, used the same center-bolt wheels as did the 206. Series II cars (built until July 1971 in 507 examples) received five-bolt Cromodora alloys and "clap-hands" wipers. The Series III cars had minor differences to gearing and fuel supply, and were built at a much higher rate as sales in the United States commenced with this version. 1,431 Series III coupés and 1,274 GTS cars were built.[6]

The 246 had a claimed top speed of 146 mph (235 km/h), although in July 1971 a road test by Britain’s Motormagazine reported a top speed of 148 mph (238 km/h), which compared favourably with the 136 mph (219 km/h) achieved by a recently tested (though by now replaced) Porsche 911S. With a 0 – 50 mph (80/km/h) acceleration time of 5.5 seconds the Dino narrowly outperformed the Porsche again, although the Porsche was narrowly the winner on fuel economy. The manufacturer’s recommended UK retail price of £5,485 was higher than the £5,211 asked for the Porsche. For comparison, both cars were retailing for more than the equally brazen though in other respects very different Citroën SM, at £4,700.

The Dino’s 2.4 L V6 found its way into a number of other Italian performance cars after its application in the 246, most notably the Lancia Stratos rally car.

There were some minor differences in trim for various markets, the most obvious being different marker lights on US market Dinos. Group 4-style flared wheelarches were optional, as were seats from the 365 GTB/4 Daytona, the pair often ordered in conjunction with wide, sand-cast Campagnolo alloys.


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